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HISTORY TIMELINE (1600-1699) By Gerald Murphy

DATE EVENT ==== ====================================================================== 1601 Colony of Tadoussac founded 1602 Cape Cod named by Bartholemew Gosnold, English navigator who found it 1602 Vizcaino explores west coast from Gosnold to Buzzards Bay 1603 Martin Pring explores New England coast 1605 French trading post established at Port Royal, Nova Scotia 1605 Weymouth explores New England coast 1606 First charter granted to the Virginia Company, named after Virgin Queen 1607 Captain John Smith first encounters Iroquois in Chesapeake Bay 1607 Jamestown founded. First permanent English colony in New World 1607 English colony begun at Fort St. George, on Kennebec River, Maine 1608 Samuel de Champlain founds village of Quebec 1609 Champlain makes war against the Iroquois, 1st use of guns on Indians 1609 Hendrik "Henry" Hudson explores river valley named for him 1609 East Anglia Puritans leave England for Leiden, Holland for 10 year stay 1609 Dutch establish Fort Orange,now known as Albany,NY, as fur trading post 1609 Henry Hudson explores east coast of North America for Netherlands 1609 Santa Fe, New Mexico settled 1609 Kepler describes planetary motions and laws 1610 Henry Hudson discovers Hudson's Bay 1610 Thomas West, 3rd Lord de la Warr rescues Jamestown colony from starva. 1612 England colonizes Bermuda 1612 French explorers discover Lake Huron 1613 John Rolfe, husband of Pocahontas, cross-breeds tobacco successfully 1614 Thomas Hunt kidnaps 24 Indians from Cape Cod area, sells them as slaves 1615 French under Champlain trade with local Indians on Georgian Bay 1616 Captain John Smith publishes "A Description of New England" 1616 Pocahontas visits England, poses for portrait; dies there 1616 White settlers introduce small pox toNew England. Many Indians die 1619 Black slavery introduced at Jamestown by Dutch traders 1619 First legislative assembly in America, in Virginia, July 30 1620 Slide rule invented by Oughtred, in England 1620 Puritan Pilgrims write Mayflower Compact, land at Plymouth Colony 1621 Pilgrims have first contact with Indian, who greets them in English! 1621 The Indian, Squanto, learned English in England after fleeing Spain 1622 Maine granted to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason 1623 Champlain's expedition trades for furs with Indians on Lake Superior 1623 Settlements begin in New Hampshire 1624 Indians barter away Manhattan for about $24.00; Dutch begin settlements 1624 Virginia becomes a royal colony 1628 English Parliament enacts Petition of Right 1629 Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions for New Netherland granted 1629 Puritans settle Boston area, call themselves The Massachusetts-Bay Co. 1630 Puritans hang John Billington, a murderer; a first for the colony 1632 Mariland named for Queen Henrietta Maria by English King Charles I 1632 "Oyster War" begins between VA and MD; continues today 1634 Jean Nicolet explores Lake Michigan shore and Wisconsin 1635 Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts for espousing democracy 1635 First settlements in Connecticut include Hartford and Windsor 1636 First college in the colonies, later named after Rev. John Harvard 1636 Providence Plantations founded in Rhode Island by Roger Williams 1637 Pequot War in Connecticut and Rhode Island 1638 Swedish colony, near Wilmington, DE, introduces log-cabin building 1639 The Fundamental Orders unite three communities in "Connectecotte" 1639 Harvard College sets up first printing press in colonies 1640 First English book published in colonies is Bay Psalm Book; Cambridge 1641 "Body of Liberties" adopted in Massachusetts; precurses Bill of Rights 1642 Pascal invents an adding machine 1642 Massachusetts School Law requires schoolmaster in towns of 50 families 1642 French develop new trading post at Montreal 1643 Invention of the barometer 1643 New England Confederation founded. These are first 4 colonies to unite 1644 First bicameral legislature formed in Massachusetts 1644 Roger Williams publishes The Bloody Tenet of Persecution 1645 First ironworks, at Saugus, MA 1648 Iroquois defeat the Hurons, drive them into Canada, north of the Lakes 1649 Charles I executed; Oliver Cromwell establishes Commonwealth 1649 First Assembly in Maryland. Enacts Toleration Act, freeing religion 1651 Navigation Acts require English ships and crews for all imports 1653 Iroquois defeat the Erie Nation, extend influence into o-he-you. (Ohio) 1656 New Netherland Council passes ordinance restricting religion 1657 Rhode Island Assembly adopts freedom of religion; it doesn't last 1657 John Washington jumps ship in Virginia, buys land 1658 Birth of Antoine de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac; he dies in 1730 1661 William Penn deceives Delaware Indians, effectively steals Pennsylvania 1663 John Eliot translates Bible into an Indian tongue 1664 Dutch give up control of New Amsterdam 1665 Duke's Law established by Duke of York, who renames area for himself 1668 Sault Ste. Marie established by French missionaries 1669 Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle explores Ohio River valley 1669 Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina inaugurated 1670 Newton gives the world The Calculus 1670 Grant from Charles II leads to settlement of Charleston, SC 1670 Hudson's Bay Company founded to compete with French fur traders 1673 Father Marquette and Louis Joilet journey down the Mississippi River 1673 Iroquois drive Mosopelea Indians from Southwestern Ohio 1673 Marquette and Joliet explore northern parts of Mississippi valley 1675 Indian "King Phillip" begins retaliatory war against white invaders 1676 Bacon's Rebellion wages vigilante war in Virginia 1676 First formally declared "Day of Thanksgiving" June 20, Charlestown, MA 1679 Settlements in what is now New Hampshire proclaimed a royal colony 1679 Habeas Corpus Amendment Act in England 1680 Robert LaSalle establishes a fort in Peoria 1680 Pueblo Indians get horses from Spanish; first Plains Indians to do so 1681 Province of Pennsylvania (Penn's Woodlands) chartered 1682 Philadelphia founded. Penn publishes Frame of Government 1682 LaSalle explores Mississippi River, claims river valley for France 1684 Charles II annuls 1629 charter of Massachusetts colony 1684 Cotton Mather coins the term "Americans" for colonists 1684 A patent is granted for the thimble 1685 Louis XIV cancels Edict of Nantes, thousands flee to the colonies 1688 First written protest against slavery, by Mennonites in Germantown, PA 1688 The Glorious Revolution establishes Parliamentary supremacy 1689 English Parliament enacts Bill of Rights, provides religious freedom 1689 Pensacola founded (again). (Spanish had tried there in 1559) 1690 First newspaper banned in the colonies is Publick Occurences, in Boston 1691 Plymouth becomes part of royal colony of Massachusetts 1692 Witch hunts in Salem, MA; 19 die 1693 William and Mary becomes second college in the colonies, Feb 6 1693 Champagne is invented by Dom Perignon, August 4 1695 Freedom of the press comes to England. Censorship abolished 1696 Habeas Corpus Act suspended in England 1696 Board of Trade takes over administration of the colonies 1697 Penn proposes a Plan of Union for the English Colonies in America 1699 Woolens Act. 1699 Cahokia and Biloxi founded

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